Assessing the validity of a discrete negative emotions measure and its relationship to psychological outcomes

Author: Kerr, Marcel Satsky


Educational level: Doctor of Philosophy

Discipline: Psychology

University: Texas Tech University

Abstract: Research has investigated the effects of emotional expressiveness on different developmental outcomes. Whereas an abundance of work has examined positive and negative emotional expressiveness (Cassidy, Parke, Butkovsky, & Braungart, 1992; Cooley, 1992; Watson & Clark, 1984), little research has investigated specific negative emotion-negative outcome relationships. That is, few studies have examined how specific negative Emotions relate to specific negative psychological outcomes. Before specific negative emotion-negative outcome relationships can be investigated, a valid measure of discrete negative emotional expressiveness is needed. Two studies attempted to create and validate a scale of emotional expressiveness for negative Emotions. The initial version of a discrete negative Emotions scale (DNES) was constructed in a pilot study. The scale consisted initially of 120 items that assessed twelve discrete negative Emotions. Study I attempted to determine the properties of the DNES and began the task of construct validation. Study II described a revision of the DNES, based on the results of Study I and also began the process of assessing criterion validity and establishing internal and test-retest reliability. The results of the studies have implications for understanding the role of negative Expressions in development. Acquiring a valid and reliable measure of discrete negative expressiveness should help teachers and counselors explain and understand problematic behaviors that a student is exhibiting, and can help parents understand how the types of Emotions they express in the home can affect their child's development. Such a scale may be a valuable research tool in which these negative emotion-negative outcome relationships can be better explored and understood.

Visit Source URL

Download full report

Keywords: Expression, Emotions


More from Texas Tech University

"A Doll's House": directing a classic for a contemporary audience (view more...) Add to list

Abstract: In partial fulfillment of my graduate duties, I submitted a proposal to direct a play in the Texas Tech Theatre Department's Lab Theatre. One of the best pieces of advice I have received on this subject while here at Texas Tech came from Dr. Elizabeth Homan. She suggested that I...

"A plumber" -- a graphical tool for simulating a general plumbing system (view more...) Add to list

Abstract: A-Prolog, the language of logic programs with answer set semantics has emerged as a useful tool for knowledge representation and reasoning in recent years. Plumbing systems are one of the real world applications that are being modeled using A-prolog. The goal of my thesis is to develop a graphical tool...

"All things work for good": the rise and fall of the Confederacy in the Southern Presbyterian mind (view more...) Add to list

Abstract: Not available...

More related to Psychology

(view more...) Add to list

Abstract: There is a growing body of research focused on examining how customer service workers meet organizational demands to express positive emotions, a phenomenon known as emotional labor. However, it is unreasonable to assume that employees will always display appropriate emotions on the job, yet there is a dearth of research...

(view more...) Add to list

Abstract: This study examined active regulation of speed during a low-altitude flight task as a function of global optical flow rate, speed, and the presence or absence of a concurrent altitude disturbance. The results showed that altitude clearly had an impact on speed control; specifically, control of speed was much more...


Abstract: The sosio-political changes and cultural diversity in South Africa forced the psychologyprofession to adapt to the demands of the changing society. The psychology trainingprogramme, which is based on the European and American models of training, is,according to all indications, not relevant in a South African context. Service learning(SL) is an...